Companies linked to poker machines were big donors to the political parties last financial year.

Companies and lobby groups linked to the gaming industry, labelled Australia’s own National Rifle Association by critics, gave nearly $2 million to the major parties last financial year.

The Australian Electoral Commission’s annual returns, published on Thursday, revealed the extent of the cash poured into the political process – more than $207 million in total.

The disclosures show the major parties received hundreds of thousands of dollars from the big banks and major consultancy firms, while Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull’s $1.75 million gift to his own re-election campaign was by far the largest donation recorded.

And as Tasmanian Labor breaks with its mainland colleagues by vowing to ban poker machines in the island state’s pubs and clubs, a move fiercely opposed by the Hodgman Liberal government, the new data also shows how much political parties received from gaming-linked groups in 2016-17.

$1m-plus from gaming interests

Organisations linked to the gaming industry, branded Australia’s “equivalent” to the NRA by anti-pokies campaigner Tim Costello, were big donors in 2016-17, an analysis by The New Daily reveals.

They handed $614,825 in official donations to the Coalition, while the figure was $419,234 for Labor.

The bulk of those donations came from James Packer’s Crown Resorts, Tabcorp Holdings, Star Entertainment Group and the influential pubs and clubs lobby group Clubs NSW.

Wesfarmers gave $165,000 to the Liberals and $33,000 to Labor, while the Australian Hotels Association (AHA) handed more than $45,000 to the Coalition parties. Labor received $37,000 from the AHA.

Yet the level of cash received by the major parties from those same companies is in fact much higher, the documents suggest.

Gaming industry-linked organisations also handed a further $439,600 to the Coalition in payments marked ‘other receipts’, while $366,400 ‘other receipts’ were handed to Labor.

It means, in total, the major parties received about $1.85 million from gaming industry-linked organisations.

‘Other receipt’ payments are those that do not meet the “legislative definition of ‘gift’”, according to the electoral commission, which lists interest on investments, dividends on shares and market rate rent received on properties owned as examples.

Ex Premier of NSW

O'Farrell

Part of the reason why the poker-machine lobby is successful in defeating any attempt to contain it is its capacity to give big money to political parties. It can also outspend most lobbyists on public campaigns.

We have identified 31 individual politicians or specific re-election campaigns from both sides of politics receiving ClubsNSW donations. These are the donations we can track; currently, donations of less than A$13,000 do not need to be publicly disclosed.

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It is naive to think donors don’t expect something in return. In fact, there is compelling evidence that donors seek to exploit the extraordinary access to politicians this arrangement engenders to influence policy to their perceived benefit. Professional lobbyists are an accepted part of the political process, as is the idea that if you have enough money to throw at a political party, you can buy access to its key decision-makers.

BANKING INDUSTRY DONATIONS

Existing electoral laws mean political parties are not required to explain the reason for the payments.

Among the groups who declared ‘other receipts’ to the major parties were Tabcorp, Bet365, Sportsbet, Responsible Wagering Australia and the Australian Wagering Council.

Big banks are big donors

While NAB announced in 2016 it would no longer give political donations in a bid “to be clean”, the other big banks were also big donors in 2016-17.

The Commonwealth Bank gave $42,670 to Labor and $53,105 to the Coalition, while Westpac was also more generous to the Coalition, handing it $86,045, and just more than $60,000 to Labor.

ANZ gave a total of two donations – $150,000 apiece to Labor and the Coalition – while Macquarie gifted Bill Shorten’s party $92,750 and $157,800 to the Liberal and National parties.

The gun lobby also appeared in the disclosures, with the Federation of Hunting Clubs giving $30,000 to the Shooters, Fishers and Farmers party.

The Liberals also benefitted from donations from defence industry contractors Raytheon ($45,300) and Austal ($25,000).

Overall, the Prime Minister’s party out-raised Labor as it sought re-election, with donors showering more than $95 million on the Liberals. Labor received more than $70 million.

The Greens fared better than the Nationals, receiving $16 million, compared with $12 million for the junior Coalition partner.

Thursday’s returns are likely to put the spotlight back on foreign donations and come as the Joint Standing Committee on Electoral Matters examines legislation aimed at banning overseas cash from the Australian political process.

Last year, The New Daily revealed research by the Melbourne Law School, which found Chinese donors contributed $12.6 million to the domestic political process between 2000 and 2016. That equated to just under 80 per cent of all foreign donations.

Adding flashing lights and music to gambling encourages risky decision-making — even if you’re a rat. Scientists have discovered rats behaved like problem gamblers when sound and light cues were added to a “rat casino” model. What’s more, the researchers were able to correct the behavior by blocking the action of a specific dopamine receptor, laying the groundwork for possible treatment of gambling addiction in humans.